Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Efficacy and Safety of Bevacizumab-Containing Therapy in Newly Diagnosed Ovarian Cancer: ROSiA Single-Arm Phase 3B Study
  1. Amit M. Oza, MD,
  2. Frédéric Selle, MD,
  3. Irina Davidenko, MD,
  4. Jacob Korach, MD,
  5. Cesar Mendiola, MD,
  6. Patricia Pautier, MD,
  7. Ewa Chmielowska, MD,
  8. Aristotelis Bamias, PhD,
  9. Andrea DeCensi, MD,
  10. Zanete Zvirbule, MD,
  11. Antonio González-Martín, MD,
  12. Roberto Hegg, MD,
  13. Florence Joly, MD,
  14. Claudio Zamagni, MD,
  15. Angiolo Gadducci, MD,
  16. Nicolas Martin, MSc,
  17. Stephen Robb, MD and
  18. Nicoletta Colombo, MD
  1. * Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada;
  2. Hôpital Tenon, Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, and Alliance Pour la Recherche en Cancérologie, Paris, France;
  3. Chemotherapy Department of State Budgetary Healthcare Institution, Clinical Oncology Dispensary
  4. # 1, Krasnodar Region Ministry of Healthcare, Krasnodar, Russia;
  5. § Gynecologic Oncology Department, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel;
  6. University Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain;
  7. Medical Department, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France;
  8. # Department of Clinical Oncology, Oncology Center Prof. F. Lukaszczyka, Bydgoszcz, Poland;
  9. ** Department of Clinical Therapeutics, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece;
  10. †† Ente Ospedaliero Ospedali Galliera, Genoa, Italy;
  11. ‡‡ Riga East University Hospital, Latvian Oncology Centre, Riga, Latvia;
  12. §§ Medical Oncology Department, MD Anderson Cancer Center Madrid, Madrid, Spain;
  13. ∥∥ Pérola Byington Hospital/Faculty of Medicine University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil;
  14. ¶¶ Medical Oncology Department, Centre François Baclesse, Caen, France;
  15. ## Policlinico Sant’Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy;
  16. *** Division of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy;
  17. ††† Global Medical Affairs, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Basel, Switzerland; and
  18. ‡‡‡ Division of Medical Gynecologic Oncology, European Institute of Oncology and University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Amit M. Oza, MD, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, 610 University Ave, Toronto M5G 2M9, Canada. E-mail: amit.oza{at}


Objective The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of extending bevacizumab therapy beyond 15 months in nonprogressive ovarian cancer.

Patients and Methods In this multinational prospective single-arm study ( NCT01239732), eligible patients had International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIB to IV or grade 3 stage I to IIA ovarian cancer without clinical signs or symptoms of gastrointestinal obstruction or history of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within the preceding 6 months. Prior neoadjuvant chemotherapy was permitted. After debulking surgery, patients received bevacizumab 15 (or 7.5) mg/kg every 3 weeks (q3w) with 4 to 8 cycles of paclitaxel (investigator’s choice of 175 mg/m2 q3w or 80 mg/m2 weekly) plus carboplatin AUC 5 to 6 q3w. Single-agent bevacizumab was continued until progression or for up to 24 months. The primary end point was safety.

Results Between December 2010 and May 2012, 1021 patients from 35 countries began study treatment. Bevacizumab was administered at 15 mg/kg in 89% of patients and for more than 15 months in 53%. Median follow-up duration was 32 months (range, 1–50 months). The most common all-grade adverse events were hypertension (55% of patients), neutropenia (49%), and alopecia (43%). The most common grade 3 or higher-grade adverse events were neutropenia (27%) and hypertension (25%). Bevacizumab was discontinued because of proteinuria in 5% of patients and hypertension in 3%. Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 25.5 months (95% confidence interval, 23.7–27.6 months).

Conclusion Extended bevacizumab demonstrated increased incidences of proteinuria and hypertension compared with 12 or 15 months of bevacizumab in previous trials, but these rarely led to bevacizumab discontinuation. Median PFS is the longest reported for frontline bevacizumab-containing therapy. The longer bevacizumab duration beyond 15 months in this study may improve PFS without substantially compromising safety.

  • Bevacizumab
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Angiogenesis
  • Frontline
  • Maintenance

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.