Table 5

Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of human papillomavirus screening, portable colposcopy, and combined screening method for detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous cervical lesions

Screening modalitySensitivity (%)Specificity (%)PPV (%)NPV (%)
HPV testing alone63.691.815.299.1
Portable colposcopy testing alone54.696.225.098.9
HPV testing and portable colposcopy combined10088.316.4100
  • HPV, human papillomavirus; NPV, negative predictive value; PPV, positive predictive value.