Objective To study and quantify the attitude of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers towards surgical risk reduction procedures.
Methods This cross-sectional national study was conducted by distribution of an anonymous questionnaire on social media platforms and to BRCA1/2 carriers’ medical clinic.
Results 530 BRCA1/2 mutation carriers answered the survey. Risk reduction bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was discussed with 447/489 (91%) of patients and performed in 260/489 (53%). Hormonal replacement therapy was discussed in 280/474 (59%) of patients. Addition of hysterectomy to risk reduction bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was discussed in 129/481 (27%) of patients and performed in 44/443(10%). Age over 35 years at time of mutation detection was found to be significant in raising risk reduction bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and hysterectomy performance rates. Risk reduction mastectomy was discussed in 390/471 (83%) of patients and performed in 156/471 (33%). In a multivariate analysis, BRCA1 mutation carriers (OR=1.66 (95% CI 1.07 to 2.57), p=0.024) and a personal cancer history leading to the mutation detection (OR=4.75 (95% CI 1.82 to 12.4), p=0.001) were found to be significant in increasing the likelihood of opting for risk reduction mastectomy. Additionally, highest risk reduction mastectomy performance rates were observed in the group of patients with a first-degree family history of breast cancer under the age of 50 years (OR=1.58 (95% CI 1.07 to 2.32), p=0.01).
Conclusions This study highlights the high performance rates of risk reduction bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, while hysterectomy was added in 10%, and that despite high awareness and acceptance rates for risk reduction mastectomy, only 33% had the procedure. The data presented provides insights for the clinician counseling BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, with regards to adherence to recommendations, understanding their concerns towards treatment and management alternatives; and finally, to construct a personalized management medical plan.
- BRCA1 protein
- BRCA2 protein
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. Deidentified participant data are available by reasonable request from the corresponding author.
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Contributors CN: conceptualization, distribution, data collection, statistical analysis, writing - original draft, methodology, investigation, guarantor. YS: data collection, writing- review and editing, review. MS: validation, review. OL: conceptualization, writing-review and editing, methodology, investigation, supervision.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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