Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Prognostic significance of albumin and globulin levels in cervical cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy
  1. Ezgi Oymak1,
  2. Ozan Cem Guler2 and
  3. Cem Onal2,3
  1. 1Division of Radiation Oncology, Iskenderun Gelisim Hospital, Hatay, Turkey
  2. 2Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University Adana Dr Turgut Noyan Research and Treatment Center, Adana, Turkey
  3. 3Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
  1. Correspondence to Dr Cem Onal, Department of Radiation Oncology, Baskent University Adana Medical and Research Center, Adana, 01120, Turkey; hcemonal{at}hotmail.com

Abstract

Objective Albumin-globulin ratio or albumin-globulin score predict survival in many cancers, but there are few data on cervical cancer patients. This study examined whether pre-treatment albumin and globulin levels, as well as the albumin-globulin ratio and albumin-globulin score, can predict treatment outcomes in cervical cancer patients undergoing definitive chemoradiotherapy.

Methods A retrospective analysis of cervical cancer patients treated between January 2006 and July 2014 was performed. Receiver operating characteristic curves for serum albumin and globulin levels, as well as albumin-globulin ratio values, were generated in order to determine the cut-off values for these parameters and to predict their sensitivity and specificity for predicting recurrence and survival. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify prognostic factors for overall survival and progression-free survival.

Results A total of 139 patients were included. The median follow-up time was 11.5 years. The 5- and 10-year overall survival rates were 54.7% and 39.3%, while the 5- and 10-year progression-free survival rates were 48.9% and 36.4%, respectively. The optimal cut-off points were 3.79 g/dL for albumin, 3.27 g/dL for globulin, and 1.56 for albumin-globulin ratio. In the univariate analysis, significant prognostic factors for overall survival and progression-free survival were albumin-globulin ratio, albumin-globulin score, patient age, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage, tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and treatment response. Older age, advanced stage, low albumin-globulin ratio, albumin-globulin score of 2, and inadequate treatment response had poor overall survival and progression-free survival in multivariable analysis. However, serum albumin and globulin levels were not found to be a significantly predictive factor for survival. There was a significant correlation between albumin levels, globulin levels, tumor size, stage, lymph node metastasis, and treatment response.

Conclusions Pre-treatment albumin-globulin ratio and albumin-globulin score are useful prognostic factors in patients with cervical squamous cell cancer treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy, and may be suitable biomarkers for predicting treatment outcomes.

  • Cervical Cancer
  • Radiotherapy

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

View Full Text

Footnotes

  • Contributors EO and CO established the study design, participated in data analysis, revised and wrote the manuscript, and approved the final manuscript. OCG participated in data acquisition and analysis, performed data and statistical analyses, and approved the final manuscript. CO is guarantor.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Supplemental material This content has been supplied by the author(s). It has not been vetted by BMJ Publishing Group Limited (BMJ) and may not have been peer-reviewed. Any opinions or recommendations discussed are solely those of the author(s) and are not endorsed by BMJ. BMJ disclaims all liability and responsibility arising from any reliance placed on the content. Where the content includes any translated material, BMJ does not warrant the accuracy and reliability of the translations (including but not limited to local regulations, clinical guidelines, terminology, drug names and drug dosages), and is not responsible for any error and/or omissions arising from translation and adaptation or otherwise.