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Locoregional therapy for oligometastatic cervical cancer: a single-center retrospective study


Background Oligometastases are limited in number and extent, and therefore, are amenable to locoregional therapy.

Objective To analyze recurrence patterns, survival outcomes, and prognostic factors in patients with cervical cancer receiving locoregional therapy for oligometastases.

Methods The included patients had 1–3 extracranial oligometastases and received definitive radiotherapy, surgery, or ablation at a single institution between January 2007 and May 2022. Outcomes were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Prognostic factors were examined using the Cox proportional hazards model, and tumor growth rates were predicted by non-linear regression.

Results We identified 56 patients who presented with an oligometastatic disease to the supraclavicular fossa (n=19), lung (n=33), or other sites (n=4). Totals of 30 (53.6%), 41 (73.2%), 47 (83.9%), and 52 (92.9%) patients were diagnosed 1, 2, 3, and 4 years after cervical cancer diagnosis, respectively. Seven patients were simultaneously treated for para-aortic or pelvic recurrences. After a median follow-up of 24 months (range 1–86), the 3-year local recurrence-free rate in patients with supraclavicular versus non-supraclavicular oligometastases was 100% vs 93.5%. The 3-year overall survival rate was 40.1% vs 55.2% (p=0.04). Ten (17.9%) patients experienced new oligometastatic progression in a median of 8 months (range 4–14). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor size was the only prognostic factor for overall survival, with a 3-year overall survival rate of 91.7% vs 21.6% (≤15 mm vs >15 mm, p<0.001). Nineteen (86.4%) of 22 lesions diagnosed within 6 months of the last negative CT scan had a maximum diameter of ≤15 mm, and the predicted interval of tumor growth to 15 mm was 5.8 months.

Conclusion Locoregional therapy for cervical cancer oligometastases can achieve long-term survival, especially in patients with small lesions (≤15 mm). Better follow-up mode after cervical cancer treatment and system therapy for oligometastases should be further explored.

  • Cervical Cancer
  • Neoplasm Metastasis

Data availability statement

Data are available upon reasonable request.

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