Objectives To assess the effect of complete surgical staging and adjuvant chemotherapy on survival in stage I, low grade endometrioid ovarian cancer.
Methods This retrospective study was conducted at two cancer centers from July 2001 to December 2019. Inclusion criteria were all stage I, grade 1 and 2 endometrioid ovarian cancer patients. Patients with mixed histology, concurrent endometrial cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and patients who did not undergo follow-up at our centers were excluded. Clinical, pathologic, recurrence, and follow-up data were collected. Cox proportional hazard model evaluated predictive factors. Recurrence-free survival and overall survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.
Results There were 131 eligible stage I patients: 83 patients (63.4%) were stage IA, 5 (3.8%) were stage IB, and 43 (32.8%) were stage IC, with 80 patients (61.1%) having grade 1 and 51 (38.9%) patients having grade 2 disease. Complete lymphadenectomy was performed in 34 patients (26.0%), whereas 97 patients (74.0%) had either partial (n=22, 16.8%) or no (n=75, 57.2%) lymphadenectomy. Thirty patients (22.9%) received adjuvant chemotherapy. Median follow-up was 51.5 (95% CI 44.3 to 57.2) months. Five-year recurrence-free survival was 88.0% (95% CI 81.6% to 94.9%) and 5 year overall survival was 95.1% (95% CI 90.5% to 99.9%). In a multivariable analysis, only grade 2 histology had a significantly higher recurrence rate (HR 3.42, 95% CI 1.03 to 11.38; p=0.04). There was no difference in recurrence-free survival (p=0.57) and overall survival (p=0.30) in patients with complete lymphadenectomy. In stage IA/IB, grade 2 there was no benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy (p=0.19), and in stage IA/IB, low grade without complete surgical staging there was no benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy (p=0.16). Twelve patients (9.2%) had recurrence; 3 (25%) were salvageable at recurrence and are alive with no disease.
Conclusions Patients with stage I, low grade endometrioid ovarian cancer have a favorable prognosis, and adjuvant chemotherapy and staging lymphadenectomy did not improve survival.
- ovarian cancer
- gynecologic surgical procedures
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Presented at This work was presented as an Abstract at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology Annual Meeting 2021 and Oral Presentation at the Society of Gynecology Oncology of Canada Annual Meeting 2021.
Contributors BES: data curation, Investigation, methodology, visualization, writing – original draft. AC: conceptualization, visualization, writing – review and editing. VM: investigation, writing – review and editing. CP-H: investigation, writing – Review and editing. MQB: visualization, writing – review and editing. SN-M: investigation. LH: Guarantor, conceptualization, methodology, visualization, writing – review and editing.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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