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How to avoid peritoneal tumor spillage during total abdominal hysterectomy in uterine cancers with cervical invasion
  1. Hélène Leray1,
  2. Martina Aida Angeles1,
  3. Manon Daix1,
  4. Alejandra Martinez1,2,
  5. Carlos Martínez Gómez1,2,3 and
  6. Gwenael Ferron1,4
  1. 1Surgical Oncology, Institut Universitaire du Cancer Toulouse Oncopole, Toulouse, France
  2. 2INSERM CRCT01,Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy, Toulouse, France
  3. 3Surgical Oncology, Oscar Lambret Cancer Centre, Lille, France
  4. 4INSERM CRCT19, Oncogenesis of Sarcomas, Toulouse, France
  1. Correspondence to Dr Gwenael Ferron, Surgical Oncology, Institut Universitaire du Cancer Toulouse Oncopole, Toulouse 31059, Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi, France; ferron.gwenael{at}

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Worse oncological outcomes have been reported in patients presenting with gynecological malignancies in the event of inadequate tumor manipulation.1 Since the publication of the Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer trial,2 the importance of surgical protective maneuvers has been pointed out in the management of early-stage cervical and endometrial cancers.1 3 These maneuvers aim to prevent tumor exposure and fragmentation, and peritoneal and vaginal spillage by avoiding the use of a uterine manipulator and performing a meticulous vaginal closure over the tumor.1 3

We propose a standardized surgical procedure by an open approach including protective maneuvers to assure oncological safety for the management of large uterine tumors with cervical invasion in which minimally invasive surgery cannot be considered. This video shows, in a stepwise manner, a total abdominal hysterectomy with mechanical vaginal closure and colpotomy using a curved cutter stapler to avoid peritoneal and vaginal spillage, performed in a patient with an endometrial cancer with massive cervical involvement and vaginal leaking (Video 1). The management of such tumors requires complete ureterolysis before performing the vaginal cuff.

Video 1

The surgery was divided into the following 10 steps:

Step 1: Infundibulopelvic pedicle ligature

Step 2: Pararectal space development

Step 3: Paravesical space development

Step 4: Ureterolysis

Step 5: Uterine pedicle ligature

Step 6: Parametrial section

Step 7: Vesicouterine dissection

Step 8: Rectovaginal septum dissection

Step 9: Vaginal dissection

Step 10: Colpotomy

We propose a novel technique of vaginal closure for total abdominal hysterectomy in patients with endometrial cancer and bulky cervical involvement in order to prevent tumor spillage. In comparison with pre-operative vaginal closure, this technique allows sparing of the vaginal length. This surgical procedure may also be considered for other gynecological malignancies such as cervical and upper third vaginal sarcomas. As previously reported,4 the standardization of step-by-step surgical techniques can enhance surgical learning, particularly in the case of complex procedures.

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article.

Ethics statements

Patient consent for publication



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  • Contributors HL: Conceptualization, video editing, writing of original draft. MAA: Conceptualization, video editing, writing of original draft. MD: Conceptualization, video editing, writing of original draft. AM: Conceptualization, project administration, supervision, writing review. CMG: Conceptualization, video editing, supervision, writing review. GF: Conceptualization, project administration, surgery and video recording, supervision, writing review.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests GF reports personal fees from Olympus outside of the submitted work.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.