Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of hu3S193, a humanized anti-Lewis-Y monoclonal antibody, as a consolidation strategy in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer who achieved a second complete response after salvage platinum-doublet chemotherapy.
Methods This single-arm phase II study accrued patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer with Lewis-Y expression by immunohistochemistry who had achieved a second complete response after five to eight cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients received intravenous infusions of hu3S193, 30 mg/m2 every 2 weeks starting no more than 8 weeks after the last dose of chemotherapy and continuing for 12 doses, until disease progression, or unacceptable toxicity. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival of the second remission. Secondary objectives were safety and pharmacokinetics.
Results Twenty-nine patients were enrolled. Most had a papillary/serous histology tumor (94%), stage III disease at diagnosis (75%), and five (17%) underwent secondary cytoreduction before salvage chemotherapy. Two patients were not eligible for efficacy but were considered for toxicity analysis. Eighteen patients (62%) completed the full consolidation treatment while nine patients progressed on treatment. At the time of analysis, 23 patients (85%) of the eligible population had progressed and seven of these patients (26%) had died. Median progression-free survival of the second remission was 12.1 months (95% CI: 10.6–13.9), with a 1-year progression-free survival of the second remission rate of 50.1%. The trial was terminated early since it was unlikely that the primary objective would be achieved. The most commonly reported treatment-related adverse events were nausea (55%) and vomiting (51%).
Conclusions Hu3S193 did not show sufficient clinical activity as consolidation therapy in patients with recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer who achieved a second complete response after platinum-based chemotherapy.
Trial registration NCT01137071.
- ovarian cancer
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