Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Ovarian hepatoid carcinoma without staining for alpha-fetoprotein in the primary site
  1. T. Nishida,
  2. T. Sugiyama,
  3. A. Kataoka,
  4. K. Ushijima,
  5. S. Ota,
  6. S. Iwanaga and
  7. M. Yakushiji
  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kurume University, Kurume-shi, Japan
  1. Address for correspondence: Dr T. Nishida, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kurume University, 67 Asahi-machi, Kurume-shi, 830 Japan.


An ovarian hepatoid carcinoma associated with minimal alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) production is described. The tumor involved both ovaries, and had metastasized to the omentum, uterus and retroperitoneal lymph nodes. The neoplastic cells were arranged in sheets, had abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, central nuclei and distinct cellular borders. Despite the morphologic similarity to the histology of a hepatocellular carcinoma, elevation of the serum AFP level was minimal, at 74.0 ng ml−1 (normal range: under 20 ng ml−1), and the value normalized after surgery and subsequent chemotherapy. An immunohistochemical technique revealed focal staining for albumin in the tumor tissue and AFP in the uterine metastasis. Since the primary tumor itself did not stain for AFP, it is suggested that there may be hepatoid ovarian carcinomas without AFP production, a situation found in some hepatocellular carcinomas.

  • alpha-fetoprotein
  • hepatoid carcinoma
  • immunohistochemistry
  • ovary.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.