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Cytologic detection of urinary bladder involvement in cervical cancer
  1. A. O. OMIGBODUN*,
  2. J. O. THOMAS and
  3. I. F. ADEWOLE*
  1. *Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  2. Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
  1. Address for correspondence: Dr A. O. Omigbodun, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.


One-hundred and four patients with advanced carcinoma of the cervix had their urine specimens collected, at the time of cystoscopy, for cytologic detection of the presence of malignant cells. Forty-eight (46%) of the patients had evidence of bladder mucosal involvement at cystoscopy. The overall sensitivity of urine cytology in detecting bladder mucosal involvement was 56%, with a specificity of 93%. The predictive value for a positive result was 87% and the accuracy of the test was 76%. The findings indicate that urine cytology is a useful test for detecting bladder mucosal involvement in cervical cancer where cystoscopy is not available.

  • bladder
  • carcinoma
  • cervix
  • staging
  • urine cytology

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