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568 WomEC, a novel diagnostic test for the detection of endometrial cancer in uterine fluids
  1. Javier Carvajal1,
  2. Eva Coll-De La Rubia1,
  3. Astrid Garcia1,
  4. Maria De Martí1,
  5. Mar Cedo1,
  6. Marina Rigau1,
  7. Irene Campoy2,
  8. Elena Martinez-Garcia2,
  9. Maria Angeles Casares De Cal3,
  10. Antonio Gómez-Tato3,
  11. Anna Luzarraga4,
  12. Josep Castellvi4,
  13. Gunnar Dittmar5,
  14. Silvia Cabrera4,
  15. Antonio Gil-Moreno4 and
  16. Eva Colas1,2
  1. 1MiMARK Diagnostics S.L., Barcelona, Spain
  2. 2Vall Hebron Institute of Research, Barcelona, Spain
  3. 3University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela, Spain
  4. 4Vall Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain
  5. 5Luxembourg Institute of Health, Luxembourg, Luxembourg


Introduction/Background Endometrial cancer (EC) is the first most common gynecological cancer. Abnormal uterine bleeding is the main symptom to initiate the multistep EC diagnostic process. Final diagnosis relies on the observation of tumor cells in a pipelle biopsy specimen, but this fails to diagnose up to 30% of patients leading to further invasive tests. In this study, we used the liquid fraction of pipelle biopsies -the uterine fluid- to develop an EC diagnostic test.

Methodology EC diagnostic biomarkers were discovered and verified in four independent clinical case-control retrospective cohorts including 291 patients. Targeted mass spectrometry was used for protein analysis and statistical analysis permitted to develop 2 and 3-protein panels using logistic regression models. Out of the most accurate biomarkers, six proteins were validated in uterine fluids from an independent case-control retrospective cohort of 250 patients using commercial immunoassays (ELISAs). For 6 selected biomarkers, recombinant antigen and monoclonal antibodies were developed using the HybriFree technology and Octet analysis.

Results Among 106 proteins studied by mass spectrometry in uterine fluids from 291 patients, 58 proteins had significant EC diagnostic potential. Among those, a 3-protein panel permitted to detect EC patients with a negative predictive value of 97% (99% sensitivity, 79% specificity). We validate the diagnostic potential of 6 biomarkers in uterine fluids from 250 patients (120 EC, 130 non-EC), using a widely available immunoassay technique (adj.p-value<0.05, fold-change>2, AUC>0.70). A pair of high affinity recombinant antibodies were selected for 6 biomarkers and currently clinically relevant immunoassays are being developed.

Conclusion This study validates the diagnostic potential of protein biomarkers to detect EC using uterine fluids. Based on these results, we are currently developing WomEC, a diagnsotic test that measures 3 biomarkers in uterine fluids to aid in the diagnosis of EC in women presenting with abnormal uterine bleeding.

Disclosures Dr. Antonio Gil (A.G.M), Dr. Eva Colas (E.C.), Dr. Elena Martínez García (E.M.G.), and Dr. Irene Campoy (I.C), are inventors on a patent protecting the results derived from this study. Dr. Antonio Gil (A.G.M), Dr. Marina Rigau/M.R.) and Dr. Eva Colas (E.C.) are shareholders of MiMARK Diagnostics, and Javier Carvajal (J.C), Astrid Garcia (A.G.), Marina Rigau (M.R.), Maria de Martí (M.M.), Mar Cedó (M.C) and Eva Colas (E.C) are employees of MiMARK Diagnostics S.L. MiMARK Diagnostics S.L, which has licensed the IP for developing innovative diagnostics in women health. The other authors declare that they have no competing interest.

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