Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Epithelial ovarian cancer and brain metastases: might the BRCA status, PARP inhibitor administration, and surgical treatment impact the survival?

Abstract

Objective To evaluate disease characteristics and survival according to BRCA status, administration of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi), and surgery in patients with ovarian cancer and brain metastases.

Methods This is a monocentric retrospective cohort of patients with ovarian cancer and brain metastases treated between 2000 and 2021. Data were collected by a retrospective review of medical records and analyzed according to: (1) BRCA mutation; (2) PARPi before and after brain metastases; (3) surgery for brain metastases.

Results Eighty-five patients with ovarian cancer and brain metastasis and known BRCA status (31 BRCA mutated (BRCAm), 54 BRCA wild-type (BRCAwt)) were analyzed. Twenty-two patients had received PARPi before brain metastases diagnosis (11 BRCAm, 11 BRCAwt) and 12 after (8 BRCAm, 4 BRCAwt). Brain metastases occurred >1 year later in patients who had received previous PARPi. Survival was longer in the BRCAm group (median post-brain metastasis survival: BRCAm 23 months vs BRCAwt 8 months, p=0.0015). No differences were found based on BRCA status analyzing the population who did not receive PARPi after brain metastasis (median post-brain metastasis survival: BRCAm 8 months vs BRCAwt 8 months, p=0.31). In the BRCAm group, survival was worse in patients who had received previous PARPi (median post-brain metastasis survival: PARPi before, 7 months vs no-PARPi before, 24 months, p=0.003). If PARPi was administered after brain metastases, survival of the overall population improved (median post-brain metastasis survival: PARPi after, 46 months vs no-PARPi after, 8 months, p=0.00038).

In cases of surgery for brain metastases, the prognosis seemed better (median post-brain metastasis survival: surgery 13 months vs no-surgery 8 months, p=0.036). Three variables were significantly associated with prolonged survival at multivariate analysis: BRCA mutation, multimodal treatment, and ≤1 previous chemotherapy line.

Conclusions BRCA mutations might impact brain metastasis occurrence and lead to better outcomes. In a multimodal treatment, surgery seems to affect survival even in cases of extracranial disease. PARPi use should be considered as it seems to prolong survival if administered after brain metastasis.

  • Ovarian Cancer
  • BRCA1 Protein
  • BRCA2 Protein
  • Neoplasm Metastasis

Data availability statement

All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.