Article Text

Download PDFPDF

PR086/#488  Can HPV self sampling be used for cervical cancer screening in India?
  1. Gauravi Mishra,
  2. Sharmila Pimple,
  3. Kavita Anand,
  4. Vasundhara Kulkarni,
  5. Sanjay Biswas and
  6. Anil Patil
  1. Tata Memorial Hospital, Preventive Oncology, Mumbai, India


Introduction Evidence from high income countries supports HPV-self sampling (HPV-SS) for improving cervical cancer screening coverage. Success of HPV-Self sampling (HPV-SS) in resource constrained countries like India with diverse population, will depend on developing impactful health education material, generating awareness towards cervical cancer and HPV-SS and on precision in performing test by beneficiaries. The current study was undertaken with objectives to determine knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP), acceptability, barriers, agreement rates and prevalence of HPV in different population subgroups using varied methods of communication.

Methods The current study enrolled 1600 women in age group of 30–55 yrs, from urban slums (500), urban non-slums (500) and rural (600) settings in Maharashtra, India. Information regarding cervical cancer and steps for collecting self sample was explained by two modalities; health education by trained health personnel in health education arm and through printed pictorial depiction in the pamphlet arm. One sample for HPV testing was collected by health personnel for each participant in both arms.

Results Overall prevalence of HPV was 7.8% with no significant differences across the settings. Overall acceptance of HPV-SS was 98.4%. Awareness regarding cervical cancer and HPV-SS was similar across settings and modalities of education. The overall concordance rates between HPV-SS and health personnel collected sample was 94.8% (k=0.508, CI=0.458–0.559, p<0.001) and was similar across settings. Compliance for clinical assessment of screen positive women and for treatment was 76.8% and 80% respectively.

Conclusion/Implications The study demonstrated that HPV-SS is acceptable, feasible and implementable in India and will assist in improving cervical cancer screening coverage.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.