Introduction The growing incidences of various cancers greatly threaten people’s health and even quality of life,which therefore calls for acknowledgement of creating a healing environment from the perspectives of patients and health professionals.This study aims to examine the difference(if any)in perceptions of healing environment and quality of life(QoL)between nurses in the cancer ward and general ward based on the ASPECT instrument and WHOQoL.
Methods In the first stage, the English version ASPECT toolkit was translated forward and backward systemically using Jones’model.To test for the validity and reliability, Cronbach’s coefficient and content validity index(CVI) were used and satisfactorily tested.In the second stage,435 copies of questionnaires were distributed to nurses (195 in the cancer ward; 235 in the general ward).Descriptive analysis,inferential testing,and regression modeling were conducted.
Results Of the 435 copies of questionnaires,430(98.9%)were satisfactorily collected. Overall,the instrument has a high content validity with an item-CVI of 1,and a Cronbach’s α of 0.944. No significantly difference was found in terms of perspectives towards healing environment between the two groups of respondents.Nurses in the cancer ward,however,had significantly higher level of satisfaction with QoL. Moreover,the regression models show that 19.2% and 14.5% of variance in QoL could be explained by nurse’ perceptions toward healing environment between the two wards,respectively.
Conclusion/Implications The Chinese version ASPECT was demonstrated to be suitable as a predicative toolkit for nurses’ QoL in the targeted tertiary center.Future studies might examine its applicability to patients in corresponding wards.
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