Introduction/Background Screening for HPV is essential because it can detect the virus before it causes any symptoms or leads to the development of cancer. HPV screening is crucial in detecting HPV infections before they lead to the development of cancer and reducing the incidence and mortality of HPV-related cancers. In this study we analysed HPV Screening data between 2015 and 2020
Methodology In 2012 Turkish Ministry of Health started the screening program, and implemented HPV testing as the primary method for cervical cancer screening. In 2014 centralized HPV testing laboratories started to serve in Ankara and Istanbul. In order to achieve adequate coverage of population, screening procedures started to be performed by family health centers also all other government institutions. Cervical cancer screenings are performed in women the ages of 30–65 years. The interval for screening is 5 years. Two cervical specimens are collected simultaneously during the procedure, one for HPV isolation and sub-typing and one for the reflex cytologic evaluation if needed. Data gathered from National Health Ministry and HPVDNA data between 2015 and 2020 and the data was evaluated.
Results The HPV DNA positivity rate increased from 4.29% in 2015 to 8.9 in 2020. During the COVID-19 pandemic, many healthcare resources were diverted towards managing and treating COVID-19 patients, leading to a reduction in routine health services, including cervical cancer screening. Majority (54,59%) of HPV positive individuals in screening population were infected with more than one HPV subtypes. Most common subtypes were HPV16 (16.52%), HPV51 (8.17%), HPV31 (7.55%), HPV52 (6.08%),HPV66 (5.24%) These findings remained consistent within each age groups.
Conclusion With improved testing and the increasing population if immigrants in Istanbul, we believe that HPV screening and preventative measures such as vaccinations are more important that ever in screening HPV and preventing cervical cancer.
Disclosures There are no known conflict of interest among the authors.
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