Article Text

Download PDFPDF

#257 Malignant transformation in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. A 5-year descriptive study
  1. Jimmy A Billod
  1. Baguio General Hospital and Medical Center, Baguio City, Philippines


Introduction/Background Malignant transformation (MT) in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary (MCTO) is a rare event. This descriptive study primarily aims to determine the prevalence rate of MT in MCTO and describe clinicopathologic features, management, and prognosis of patients who developed this rare type of tumor and likewise deliver a review in the light of recent literature.

Methodology A descriptive observational study of patients with MT in MCTO. The clinical and pathological records of each patient were reviewed. Descriptive statistics were used.

Results Between January 2016 to December 2020, of the 369 cases of mature cystic teratoma, 22 cases with malignant transformation were reported with an incidence of 6%. The mean age of diagnosis was 52 years, of which 70% are aged 50 years old and above. Fifty-nine percent (13/22) and 32% (7/22) of the cases were squamous cell carcinoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma, respectively. Very rarely malignant transformations were carcinoid tumors (1) and follicular carcinoma (1). The most common reason for consult among patients is a palpable abdominal/pelvic mass (45.5%). Around 60% percent of cases have an elevated CA-125 value with a mean level of 180 U/ml. Seventy-two percent of cases with malignant transformation measured 10 cm or more with the largest mean diameter of 13 cm. Five patients underwent fertility-sparing surgery. Fourteen had staging procedures. Twelve patients were at Stage I. Three, 4 and 3 patients were at Stage II, III, and IV respectively. Ten patients received adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy and 9 patients warrant no treatment after surgery. The median survival time is 14 months.

Conclusion MT in MCTO is not a common occurrence but should be considered in older patients with large tumor sizes and elevated CA-125. This entity suggests an aggressive behavior but complete resection and indicated adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy may improve survival.

Abstract #257 Table 1

Clinicopathologic features of patients with malignant transformation.

Disclosures none

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.