Objectives This study aimed to assess sexual health and quality of life (QoL) in endometrial cancer survivors and the factors influencing these variables.
Methods A mixed method design comprising quantitative (cohort design) and qualitative (face-to-face interviews) aspects was chosen. A total of 132 patients who underwent surgery alone, surgery followed by adjuvant vaginal brachytherapy, or surgery followed by chemotherapy and radiation were included. Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy General (FACT-G) questionnaires were used to assess the participants’ sexual health and QoL at 6 months and 1 year post-treatment. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the factors associated with general and sexual well-being.
Results At 1 year, 89% of the participants still had low sexual function scores. Survivors over 50 years (OR 284.7, 95% CI 13 to 364, p<0.001) and educated below graduate level (OR 26.8, 95% CI 2 to 370, p=0.014) had low sexual function scores. Patients who had surgery alone had better QoL than those who received adjuvant radiation. Women who had surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation had the lowest QoL scores (OR 6.4, 95% CI 2.1 to 19.5, p=0.001). All scores improved with time.
Conclusions This study demonstrated the high prevalence of low sexual function and poor QoL in endometrial cancer survivors. There was a communication gap between the women and their partners as well as their healthcare providers. This study highlights the need for discussion about the survivors’ sexual well-being and QoL.
- Uterine Cancer
- Quality of Life (PRO)/Palliative Care
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request.
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Contributors AP and TSR conceptualized and designed the study. AD collected the data and drafted the initial manuscript. RK performed the statistical analyses. All authors critically reviewed the earlier versions of the manuscript and approved the final submitted version. AP is responsible for the overall content as guarantor.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
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