Objectives The objective of our study was to describe the characteristics of patients with endometrial cancer diagnosed with a first recurrence involving the lung, and to describe the prognostic role of the molecular profile. We also aimed to describe the prognostic outcomes after local treatment of recurrence (resection of lung metastases or stereotactic body radiation therapy) in a group of patients with isolated lung recurrence.
Methods This was a retrospective, single-center study between June 1995 and July 2021. The study included patients diagnosed with a first recurrence of endometrial cancer involving the lung. We defined two groups of patients: patients with isolated lung recurrence (confined to the lung) and patients with multisystemic recurrence (in the lung and other locations).
Results Among 1413 patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer in stage IA to IVA of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009, 64 (4.5%) patients had a first recurrence involving the lung. Of these, 15 (39.1%) were of a non-specific molecular profile, 16 (25%) were p53-abnormal, 15 (23.4%) were mismatch-repair deficient, and 0% POLE-mutated. P53-abnormal patients had the shortest 3 year progression-free survival after recurrence and those with mismatch-repair deficient had the longest 3 year progression-free survival (14.3% (range; 1.6–40.3) and 47.6% (range; 9.1–79.5) respectively, p=0.001). We found no differences on overall survival after recurrence by molecular profile. Thirty-one of 64 (48.4%) patients had an isolated recurrence in the lung, and 16 (25%) patients received local treatment. When comparing patients with isolated lung recurrence, locally treated patients had a longer median progression-free survival than patients treated systemically (41.9 (range, 15.4-NA) vs 7.8 (range, 7.2–10.6) months respectively, p=0.029), a complete response rate of 80% for stereotactic body radiation therapy and a complete resection of 90.9% for surgery.
Conclusion Although few patients will benefit from local treatment (stereotactic body radiation therapy or resection) after a recurrence involving the lung, local therapies might be considered as an option in oligometastatic lung recurrences as they achieve high local control rates and better oncological outcomes than systemic treatment alone.
- endometrial neoplasms
- neoplasm metastasis
- neoplasm recurrence, local
- radiology, interventional
- surgical oncology
Data availability statement
Data are available upon reasonable request. All data relevant to the study are included in the article or uploaded as supplementary information.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
Contributors ALA, SC and VB conceived and planned the study. VB performed the statistical analysis. ALA performed the manuscript preparation. SC is the Senior member of the project and supervised the whole study. All authors (AL, VB, CL-G, MPM, AG, RV, AJ, JC, AGM, AP-B, EC) performed a final approval of the version to be published. ALA is responsible for the overall content of the study as the guarantor.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.