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2022-RA-1389-ESGO Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound O-RADS for classifying adnexal mass: systematic review and meta-analysis
  1. Julio Vara1,
  2. Isabel Brotóns2,
  3. Ana López-Picazo2,
  4. Enrique Chacón2,
  5. Nabil Manzour2,
  6. Juan González Canales2,
  7. Alba Etxeandia2,
  8. Lucía Pérez Alonso2,
  9. Felix Boria2,
  10. Teresa Castellanos2,
  11. M Ángela Pascual3,
  12. Stefano Guerriero4,
  13. Luis M Chiva5 and
  14. Juan Luis Alcázar2
  1. 1Obstetrics And Gynaecology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
  2. 2Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain
  3. 3Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproduction., Institut Universitari Dexeus., Barcelona, Spain
  4. 4University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy
  5. 5Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Madrid, Spain


Introduction/Background The objetive is evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound O-RADS classification for discriminating bening from malignant adnexal masses.

Methodology A search was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases (January 2018 to January 2022) for studies evaluating ultrasound O-RADS classification (index test) for discriminating benign from malignant adnexal masses, using histology or adequate follow-up as reference test. The Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 (QUADAS-2) tool was used to evaluate the quality of the studies. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios for detecting adnexal malignancy were calculated separately considering O-RADS groups 4 and 5 as suspicious for malignancy

Results The search identified 185 citations after excluding duplicates, papers not related to the topic, reviews and paper assessing MRI O-RADS and papers with no 2x2 tables available, six studies comprising 3063 adnexal masses in 3006 patients were ultimately included in the qualitative and quantitative syntheses. The mean prevalence of adnexal malignancy on surgery was 29% (range: (8% to 59%). All studies were retrospective and four of them were considered of high risk of bias in patient selection due to inadequate exclusions. All studies were considered as low risk of bias for index test, reference test and flow and timing. Overall, pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios and DOR for O-RADS classification were 97% (95%CI 93%-99%), 76% (95%CI 58%-87%), 4.0 (95%CI 2.2–7.3), 0.04 (95%CI 0.02- 0.09) and 100 (95%CI 35–280). Heterogeneity as high for specificity and moderate for sensitivity. Meta- regression showed that neither sample size nor malignancy prevalence explained this heterogeneity.

Conclusion Ultrasound O-RADS classification offers a high sensitivity and moderate specificity for discriminating malignant from benign adnexal masses.

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