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2022-RA-952-ESGO Knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer and its prevention among premenopausal women: WhatsApp messenger as a platform to enhance awareness and knowledge
  1. Raha Binti Md Noh,
  2. Normina Ahmad Bustami,
  3. Eugenie Sin Sing Tan,
  4. Edmond Siah Chye Ng,
  5. Chung Keat Tan,
  6. Sharmanee Thiagarajah and
  7. Farahnaz Amini
  1. School of Health Aging, Aesthetic and Regenerative medicine, UCSI University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Introduction/Background Activities directed towards optimizing women’s health depend on their social and cultural standing. Considering the weaknesses of traditional health campaigns, medical professionals may use different initiatives to educate women. This study aimed to determine awareness and knowledge levels of menopausal transition and cervical cancer (CC), and CC prevention among premenopausal women, and investigate the feasibility of WhatsApp as a platform to raise awareness by engaging a GP.

Methodology In phase one, participants aged 40 to 51 were enrolled while visiting GP clinics. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed. Participants were invited to join WhatsApp. An educational pamphlet was sent through WhatsApp in sections, and discussions were encouraged.

Results Overall 273 participants were recruited in phase one. Only 48% had a normal BMI and the majority were aged 40 to 41 (23%), married (86%), and had 4 children (57%). About 42% had at least one illness, with urinary incontinence (18%) and hypertension (12%) having the highest prevalence. Musculoskeletal symptoms, depleted energy, sleep disturbances and mood swings were prevalent. Surprisingly, 40% of participants reported no gynaecological exam in their life. Although 75% said they heard about CC, only 39% knew at least one cause of it and 28% knew some available treatments. About 56% mentioned that infection is the most common cause of CC. Despite the majority hearing about or having done Pap tests, only 43% knew it helps to diagnose CC. For phase two, only 42 women joined WhatsApp but 33 remained until the end. Ultimately, 12 participants responded to the same questionnaire resent through WhatsApp.

Conclusion Knowledge regarding perimenopause symptoms, CC, and CC prevention has not been attained by the target group despite the role of technology; WhatsApp proved ineffective in educating middle-aged women. A concerted effort using both traditional and online mediums and active discussions with healthcare providers is invaluable.

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