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2022-RA-763-ESGO Contrasting outcomes in two cases ofuterinePEComa
  1. Mansi Tiwari1,
  2. Aisha Miah2,
  3. Olga Wise1,
  4. Ahmad Sayasneh1,
  5. Rahul Nath1,
  6. Savithri Rajkumar1,
  7. Desiree Kolomainen1 and
  8. Gautam Mehra1
  1. 1Gynaecology Oncology, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospital, London, United Kingdom
  2. 2The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United Kingdom


Introduction/Background Uterine PEComa (Perivascular epitheloid cell neoplasm) are rare tumours defined by WHO as a group of mesenchymal tumours composed of histological and immuno-histochemically distinct perivascular epithelioid cells. They are usually detected early and have a good prognosis, rarely they are aggressive with poor prognosis. Currently, there is no established role for adjuvant chemotherapy or immunotherapy. We report two contrasting cases of PEComa with varied prognosis.

Methodology We reviewed the records of two women with uterine PEComa at Guy’s & St Thomas’ Cancer center in the United Kingdom. Information was recorded on presentation, treatment and outcomes.

Results Two women diagnosed with uterine PEComa. One had an advanced aggressive PEComa with synchronous FIGO Stage-II tubal malignancy. The other had an early stage-Ia uterine PEComa. Both women underwent primary surgical treatment. The early-stage PEComa had a good outcome following surgery and did not have adjuvant therapy. Her disease-free interval is 60 months and continues surveillance. The second woman had FIGO-IIb PEComa with recurrence within 2 months following surgery in vagina and lung. She underwent vaginal and thoracic surgery resecting tumors. She did not receive chemotherapy for ovarian cancer due to medical fitness. PEComa relapsed aggressively in the pelvis, lungs and diaphragm within 6 months and she was treated with Sirolimus and Nab-sirolimus. With this aggressive tumour, her overall survival was 14 months.

Conclusion This illustrates the natural history of a rare uterine tumour (PEComa) and the management in rare presentations with aggressive tumours. The management can be challenging requiring mutidisciplinary approach. There is lack of evidence how to manage recurrence of PEComa not salvaged by surgery.

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