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The role of oncovascular surgery in gynecologic oncology surgery


Oncovascular surgery is a new term used to define tumor resection with simultaneous reconstruction of the great vessels when the tumor infiltrates or firmly adheres to such vessels. The benefit of oncovascular surgery has been widely described in patients with hepato-biliary-pancreatic cancers, retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma, and in other areas of gynecologic oncology, such as the lateral compartment of the pelvis, retroperitoneum, and hepato-biliary-pancreatic region, with an increase in complete resections and without increasing the morbidity and mortality rates. In the latter decades of the past century, several advances and accumulating scientific evidence led gynecologic oncologists to perform more thorough cytoreductive surgeries that included multivisceral resections. But to our knowledge, published studies on the frequency and relevance of vascular surgery in gynecological oncology are scarce. Gynecologic oncologists still do not receive formal training in vascular surgery and additionally, with the current reduction in experience with pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy, as well as other types of radical abdominal and pelvic surgeries, trainees will encounter fewer vascular injuries and the opportunity to deal with a variety of management types required. Well-organized collaboration between each subspecialty with a multidisciplinary approach and adequate pre-operative planning are pivotal. The aim of this review is to pave the way towards the understanding that patients with suspicion of great vessels' infiltration or encasement by tumor require personalized and specialized treatment with the need to form an oncovascular surgery team, and that it is necessary for gynecologic oncology surgeons to take a step forward in surgical training.

  • blood vessels
  • surgical oncology

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