In the modern era, cervical cancer treatment has become more multidisciplinary in nature. Accurate and precise staging based on clinical and radiographic findings, as well as identification of pathologic and molecular risk factors, may alter treatment recommendations. Additionally, the body of evidence guiding optimal treatment recommendations continues to grow. Multiple specialists including gynecologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, and other ancillary staff, often with subspecialty experience in gynecology or cancer care, now staff multidisciplinary gynecologic oncology teams. This review highlights the basis of multidisciplinary treatment of early-stage cervical cancer, with a focus on surgical interventions, the role of adjuvant therapy, and indications for definitive chemoradiation. We specifically focus on the treatment of cervical cancer from stage IA1 (microinvasive disease) to stage IIB (parametrial involvement without involvement of pelvic sidewall). The staging manuals referenced in this review include the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2018 staging as well as the updated American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 9th edition (2021).
- cervical cancer
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Contributors All authors contributed to conception of the manuscript, drafting and revising for content, and final approval of the version to be published.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests WS reports personal fees from Carl Zeiss and other support from NRG Oncology. RLC reports grants and personal fees from AstraZeneca, grants from Merck, personal fees from GSK, grants and personal fees from Clovis, grants and personal fees from Genmab, grants and personal fees from Roche/Genentech, grants and personal fees from Janssen, personal fees from Agenus, personal fees from Regeneron, personal fees from OncoQuest, outside the submitted work.
Provenance and peer review Commissioned; internally peer reviewed.