Objectives To determine the incidence and trends of advanced stage cervical cancer in the United States.
Methods Data were obtained from the U.S. Cancer Statistics program from 2001–2017. SEER*Stat 8.3.8 and Joinpoint regression program 18.104.22.168 were used to calculate incidence trends.
Results of 27,102 patients with advanced stage cervical cancer from 2001–2017, 17,097 (63%) were White, 4,939 (5%) were Black, 3,636 were Hispanic (2%), and 1,117 were Asian (0.5%). Over time, there has been an annual increase in advanced stage cervical cancer at a rate of nearly 2% per year (p<0.001); however, those with early stage cancers have a decrease of 1.54% annually (p<0.001). Women aged 30 to 65 years showed an overall increase in incidence, however those 30–34 years olds have a particularly high increase at 3.39% annually (p<0.001). Although the overall incidence of advanced cancers is higher in Hispanic and Black populations, there is an increasing number of new cases in White women at 2.39% annually (p<0.001). Compared to other groups, the intersection of White women aged 40–44 in the South have the highest average annual increase at 5.07% (p<0.001).
Conclusions Although the overall incidence of advanced cervical cancers is highest in Hispanic and Black women, there is an increase in incidence in White women particularly in the Southern region of the U.S. More research is needed to understand this trend particularly in relation to screening and treatment of precancerous disease.
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