Introduction/Background*Endometrial cancer (EC) patients (Pts) with advanced and recurrent disease relapse despite treatment with combination chemotherapy and have a short progression-free survival (PFS). Nintedanib (N) is a potent, orally available triple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting VEGFR 1–3, PDGFR α/β, and FGFR 1–3. This study explored the preliminary efficacy of nintedanib in EC.
Methodology The primary objective of this placebo-controlled, randomized study was to evaluate efficacy defined by median PFS of concomitant and maintenance N against placebo (P) in combination with chemotherapy. Patients with histologically confirmed stage IIIC2 or IVA & B or relapsed after adjuvant therapy for stage I-III disease; prior surgery; adjuvant chemotherapy; radiation therapy; hormonal therapy in metastatic setting; with measurable/non-measurable disease were permitted. Pts were randomized 1:1 to receive N 200mg or P, twice daily days 2–21 during chemotherapy (six cycles of Carboplatin (AUC5) and paclitaxel (175mg/m2) every 21 days) and continuously in maintenance phase. N/P was continued until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or withdrawal of consent. Stratification by stage of disease, prior adjuvant chemotherapy and measurable/non-measurable disease. This is an ENGOT Model A study. Clinical trial information: NCT02730416.
Result(s)*146 of 148 pts were eligible for PFS: 72N/74P; mean age 66yrs; FIGO stage III 18%, IV 42%, recurrent 40%; follow-up 30 mo. N added to chemotherapy did not improve PFS (119 events) as compared to chemotherapy plus P: median for N 8.3 vs. for P 7.2 mo; hazard ratio (HR) adjusted for stratification factors 1.03; 95% confidence interval (CI),[0.71 to 1.48]; p0.879. Median overall survival (85 events) for N 20 vs. for P 22 mo; HR: 1.10; CI: 0.72–1.69; p0.665. Treatment-emerged grade 3–4 adverse events were higher in N vs P arm: liver function tests 13%/0%; diarrhea 12%/6%; neutropenia 21%/14%; asthenia 4%/1%. Patient-reported outcomes will be reported.
Conclusion*Addition of nintedanib to chemotherapy did not improve PFS nor OS. This regimen cannot be recommended to undergo further testing in a phase III trial.
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