Introduction/Background*There is poor evidence from mostly retrospective series whether co-medication with metformin, statin or beta-blocker have an impact on survival in patients with primary ovarian cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of these medications with survival.
Methodology Individual data from 3 prospective phase III randomized controlled trials (AGO-OVAR 11/ICON 7, 12, 16) and one phase II trial (AGO-OVAR 15) were pooled and analyzed. Patients were either classified as “ever-user” if the specific co-medication was documented at least once during the trial. In. contrast, “never-users” served as controls.
Data were adjusted for potential confounders (age, FIGO stage, histology, residual tumor after surgery, ECOG performance status, BMI, Charlson Comorbidity Index and assigned treatment within the trial) in multivariate Cox regression analyses.
Result(s)*Overall, 2.857 patients were included in the analyses. “Ever-users” were: N=100 patients received metformin (3.5%), N=226 received statins (7.9%), and N=475 (16.6%) received beta-blockers (BB) (N=391 selective (sBB); N=84 non-selective (nsBB)) as co-medication.
There were no significant differences regarding the baseline characteristics (histology, FIGO stage, residual tumor after surgery, and chemotherapy-schedule) between “ever- and never-users” except that “ever-users” were significantly older and more obese, compared to controls.
Median progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for the entire cohort was 18.7 months and 60.1 months, respectively
Multivariate analyses for PFS and OS including age, BMI, Histology, FIGO stage, residual tumor after surgery, ECOG performance status and CCI revealed neither a significant impact of metformin on survival of “ever-users”, compared to “never-users” (PFS HR 0.94 95%-CI 0.69-1.29, p=0.7; OS HR 0.82 95%-CI 0.58-1.17, p=0.28), nor for statins (PFS HR 0.98 95%-CI 0.82-1.18, p=0.87; OS HR 0.91 95%-CI 0.74-1.12, p=0.37), respectively. In contrast, “ever-users” of sBB had a significantly elevated risk for recurrence and death in multivariate analysis (PFS HR 1.22 95%-CI 1.05-1.41, p=0.009; OS HR 1.25 95%-CI 1.06-1.47, p=0.009).
Conclusion*In this large pooled analysis neither a co-medication with metformin nor with statins had a significant impact on survival in patients with primary ovarian cancer. In contrast, co-medication with a beta-blocker was associated with worse survival. Further studies are warranted to confirm this observation.
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