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269 Which dietary and everyday life habits affect endometrial cancer recurrence? the machine gives the answer
  1. Ofra Castro Wersäll1,
  2. Zoia Razumova1,
  3. Igor Govorov2 and
  4. Miriam Mints3
  1. 1Karolinska Institutet; Women’s and Children’s Health
  2. 2Karolinska Institutet; Almazov National Medical Research Centre; Women’s and Children’s Health
  3. 3Karolinska Institutet; Örebro University; Women’s and Children’s Health


Introduction/Background The increased life expectancy and westernization of the lifestyle are considered the major contributors to a sustainable rise in endometrial cancer (EC) rates. The factors predicting EC recurrence include patient age and tumour characteristics, such as type, differentiation, and depth of invasion. At the same time, recent studies testify the impact of meal and exercises on the course of various diseases. What are the food preferences and activities that could influence the ultimate risk of EC relapse and death?

Methodology The study included 481 women who previously underwent a hysterectomy due to EC at Karolinska University Hospital. The participants filled an extensive questionnaire on their dietary habits and everyday routines. Related clinical data was obtained through the National e-health system. It resulted in a large dataset with more than 180 variables, which was processed using the Random Survival Forest (RSF) approach. The latter is applied to a right-censored data and uses a collection of decision trees to rank the variables by their importance for the occurrence of an event. The top-ranked variables were further investigated with the Cox proportional hazards model. Analyzes were performed using the RandomForestSRC package for Python.

Results The consumption of the fried potatoes significantly increased the risk of EC relapse and death [HR=8.62 (2.22–33.56), p=0.002; HR=6.00 (1.06–34.01), p=0.043, respectively), the latter persisted after adjustment for body mass index, age and smoking status. Besides, each additional serving of sweetened soda drinks increased the risk of death [3.262 (1.834–5.800), p=0.0001]. In contrast, physical activity was beneficial with each additional Metabolic Equivalent per day decreasing the risk of death by 7.3% [HR=0.927 (0.892–0.964), p< 0.0001).

Conclusion We hypothesise that the fried potatoes’ detrimental effect may be related to the acrylamide, which is formed in starch-rich foods under high-temperature conditions. It acts as a carcinogen and endocrine disruptor, causing the endometrial hyperplasia and EC in animal studies. Sweetened beverages cause a rise in insulin, which in turn inhibits sex-hormone binding protein. This results in higher levels of circulating free oestrogens. Also, insulin has mitogenic and anti-apoptotic properties, further inducing the endometrium proliferation. The favorable influence of regular physical activity on EC relapse and death is in accordance with previous studies, including recent meta-analysis.

Therefore, we encourage women treated for EC to consider reducing sweetened beverages and fried potatoes consumption and increasing physical activity.

Disclosures The authors have nothing to disclose.

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