Introduction In the JAVELIN Ovarian 100 trial (NCT02718417), avelumab (anti–PD-L1) in combination with chemotherapy or as maintenance did not improve progression-free survival (PFS) vs chemotherapy followed by observation in treatment-naive patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC; hazard ratios [95% CI] were 1.14 [0.832, 1.565] and 1.43 [1.051, 1.946], respectively). The trial was terminated when prespecified futility boundaries were crossed at the interim analysis, and study treatment was subsequently discontinued. Here we report biomarker analyses.
Methods Women with stage III-IV EOC (post debulking/cytoreductive surgery or candidates for neoadjuvant chemotherapy) were randomized 1:1:1 to receive carboplatin/paclitaxel chemotherapy (6 cycles) followed by avelumab every 2 weeks as maintenance (CTx→Ave), chemotherapy + avelumab (10 mg/kg every 3 weeks) followed by avelumab every 2 weeks as maintenance (CTx+Ave→Ave), or chemotherapy followed by observation (CTx→O; control arm). The primary endpoint was PFS by blinded independent central review per RECIST version 1.1. Pretreatment tumor tissue was analyzed by immunohistochemistry (CD8 and PD-L1) and next-generation DNA and RNA sequencing.
Results 998 patients were randomized. Subgroup analyses based on PD-L1, CD8, and germline BRCA1/2 status did not identify subsets with clear PFS benefit in either avelumab arm vs control (table 1). Whole-exome and RNA sequencing analyses will be presented.
Conclusions In the JAVELIN Ovarian 100 trial, PD-L1, CD8, and germline BRCA1/2 status did not predict differential clinical benefit with the addition of avelumab to chemotherapy in treatment-naive patients with EOC.
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