Article Text

Download PDFPDF
Impact of hysteroscopy on course of disease in high-risk endometrial carcinoma
  1. Alyssa Larish1,
  2. Amanika Kumar2,
  3. Amy Weaver1,3 and
  4. Andrea Mariani2
  1. 1 Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
  2. 2 Gynecologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, Minnesota, USA
  3. 3 Department of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic Minnesota, Rochester, New York, USA
  1. Correspondence to Dr Alyssa Larish, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; alyssalarish{at}


Objective Previous studies have investigated the impact of preoperative hysteroscopy on the staging and survival of predominantly grade 1 endometrial cancers. We sought to evaluate the effect of hysteroscopy on the peritoneal spread of tumor cells and disease course in a large series of patients with high-risk endometrial cancer.

Methods Patients who underwent hysterectomy for grade 3 endometrial carcinoma on final surgical pathology at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, MN between January 2009 to June 2016 were included, noting hysteroscopy within 6 months from surgery. Intra-peritoneal disease was defined as any positive cytology OR adnexal invasion OR stage IV. The presence of intra-peritoneal disease OR peritoneal recurrence within 2 years from surgery was defined as peritoneal dissemination. Cox proportional hazards models were fit to evaluate associations between hysteroscopy exposure and progression within 5 years following surgery.

Results Among 831 patients, 133 underwent hysteroscopy. There was no difference in age, body mass index, ASA ≥3, or serous histology between patients who did or did not undergo hysteroscopy. Advanced stage disease (III/IV) was less common among patients who underwent hysteroscopy (30.1% vs 43.8%, P=0.003). No difference was observed between those with vs without hysteroscopy in the rate of positive cytology (22.0% vs 29.7%, P=0.09), stage IV (16.5% vs 21.9%, P=0.16), intra-peritoneal disease (28.6% vs 36.1%, P=0.09), or peritoneal dissemination (30.8% vs 39.3%, P=0.06). On stratifying by stage, hysteroscopy did not increase the risk of progression (HR 1.06, 95% CI 0.59 to 1.92 for stage I/II; HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.62 to 1.48 for stage III/IV).

Conclusion In this retrospective study of grade 3 endometrial cancer, we did not observe any significant association between pre-operative hysteroscopy and the incidence of positive cytology, peritoneal disease, peritoneal dissemination, or cancer progression.

  • endometrial neoplasms
  • hysteroscopes
  • surgical procedures
  • operative
  • neoplasm recurrence
  • local

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.


  • Contributors All authors contributed meaningfully to the conception, design, data interpretation, manuscript preparation, and revision of this study.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent for publication Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

  • Data availability statement Data are available upon reasonable request. Deidentified participant data may be obtained after appropriate data use agreements between institutions.