Introduction/Background Tumor necrosis factor a (TNFa) is an inflammatory cytokine that plays a crucial role in the immune response and the progression of cervical lesions. There is a growing body of data evaluating the value of a genetic variant in the TNFa gene with the risk of developing cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to explore the association of a variant, TNF-308 G>A, residing in the TNFa gene with cervical cancer.
Methodology A total of 91 women with cervical cancer and 161 women as the control group were recruited. DNA was extracted, and Taqman®-probes-based assay was used for genotyping. Our results showed that the minor allele frequency was 0.3 in total population, and the frequency of minor allele A was more in the case group compared with the control.
Results The regression models in different genetic models also revealed that the allele A is a potential risk factor for the development of cervical cancer. In particular, in the dominant model, patients with AG and AA genotypes had a higher risk of developing cervical cancer with odds ratio (OR) of 2.75 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.57–4.83, <0.001) and OR of 7.27 (95%CI: 2.5–20.8, <0.001), compared with the GG genotype.
Conclusion Moreover, a similar outcome was obtained for smear test results. Our study demonstrated that TNF-308 G>A located on TNF-a was associated with the risk of cervical cancer, supporting further studies in a larger population and multicenter setting to show the value of emerging markers as risk stratification biomarkers in cervical cancer.
Disclosure Nothing to disclose
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