Introduction/Background Mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency is found in 20 to 40% of endometrial cancers (ECs) and was recently identified as a discerning feature of one of the four prognostic subgroups identified by The Cancer Genome Atlas. There is accumulating evidence that MMR proteins are involved in the DNA repair processes following radiotherapy. We investigated the predictive value of MMR status for response to adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with stage IB/II, grade 3 endometrioid endometrial cancer (EEC).
Methodology A retrospective multicenter cohort study was performed to compare patients with histopathologically confirmed stage IB/II grade 3 EEC with and without adjuvant radiotherapy. Patients were classified according to the Proactive Molecular Risk Classifier for Endometrial Cancer (ProMisE) identifying ECs as either MMR-deficient, POLE, p53abn or p53wt. Multivariable Cox regression analysis explored associations between adjuvant treatment and outcome.
Results A total of 128 patients were analyzed, including 57 patients (43.0%) with MMR-deficient EECs. Baseline characteristics were comparable, except a higher proportion of MMR-deficient EECs were stage II (36.8% vs. 15.5%, p=0.006). Eighty-two patients (64.1%) received adjuvant radiotherapy (external beam [n=55], vaginal brachytherapy [n=27]). In multivariable analysis, adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with improved disease-specific survival in patients with MMR-deficient EECs (hazard ratio 0.19, 95%-CI 0.05–0.77), but not in patients with MMR-proficient EECs (hazard ratio 0.92, 95%-CI 0.37–2.31).
Conclusion Adjuvant radiotherapy improved survival in patients with MMR-deficient EECs. MMR status could be used as a predictive biomarker to select patients that benefit most from adjuvant radiotherapy.
Disclosure Nothing to disclose.
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