Objectives Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals are at higher risk of HPV infection and HPV associated cancers. We determined the knowledge and awareness of HPV and HPV vaccine among women living with HIV in Lagos.
Methods A cross-sectional survey was carried out on 220 HIV positive women who attended the HIV clinic of a tertiary healthcare facility in Lagos from 1st February 2018–31st January 2019. Interviewer administered questionnaire was used to extract information regarding the knowledge of HPV and awareness of HPV vaccine. Microsoft Excel 2010 was used to analyze the data.
Results Their mean age was 42.3±7.0years. 157(71.4%) of them had been living with HIV for more than 10 years. 17 (22.3%) had children above 10yrs that were living with HIV. 148 (67.7%) had never heard of HPV infection. Only 37.3% of the respondents knew HPV could cause cancer with cervical cancer being the most (70%) identified. 166 (75.6%) of them didn’t know that they were more at risk of having cervical cancer as compared to their HIV negative counterparts. Only 22.3% knew about HPV vaccine. None of the children of the women had been vaccinated against HPV. Only 2.7% of them knew that the vaccine is given to both boys and girls.
Conclusions The awareness and knowledge of HPV infection and HPV vaccine among HIV positive women is very low. This suggests that there is urgent need to put in interventions to increase the knowledge and awareness of this infection among this high risk group.
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