Objectives Exenteration is used to treat cancers of the lower and middle female genital tract in the irradiated pelvis. Höckel described laterally extended endopelvic resection (LEER) as an approach in which the resection line extends to the pelvic side wall.
Methods A 49-year-old patient diagnosed with rectal adenocarcinoma 10 years ago, managed with chemotherapy plus radiotherapy. Tumor relapse at 3 years, management with low abdominoperineal resection and definitive colostomy. Second relapse 4 years later, compromising the posterior aspect of the coccyx and right side of the pelvis with irresecability criteria, management was decided with chemotherapy with capecitabine, oxaliplatin and bevacizumab. New relapse at 2 years in the cervix, vagina and pelvic wall. Images without distance disease, type LEER management with extension of pelvic floor margins and resection of muscle pubococcygeus and right lateral iliococcygeus with neovagina (Singapore flap) and non-continent urinary derivation with bilateral cutaneous ureterostomy, achieving adequate lateral margin with curative intent. During follow-up with favorable evolution.
Results LEER combines at least two procedures: total mesorectal excision, total mesometrial resection or total mesovesical resection. It may even require resection of the pelvic wall, internal obturator muscle, pubococcygeus, iliococcygeus, coccygeus or internal iliac vessels. In combination with neovagina, it would offer better results in non-gynecological cancer relapses.
Conclusions LEER with neovagina can be offered as a new therapy to a selected subset of patients with relapse in adjacent gynecological organs with good oncological, functional and aesthetic results.
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