Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of prophylactic extended-field radiation therapy (RT) for cervical cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).
Methods Records of patients with cervical cancer without para-aortic metastatic lymph nodes who were treated with definitive RT or CCRT between January 2011 and December 2014 were reviewed. Patients were classified into the pelvic RT and extended-field RT groups. An additional dose of 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions was delivered to para-aortic lymph node regions for patients in the extended-field RT group. Cox regression and propensity-score matching (1:1) were used to compare the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), distant failure, and para-aortic lymph node failure (PALNF) between the pelvic RT and extended-field RT groups.
Results A total of 778 patients were analyzed. Of them, 624 patients were treated with pelvic RT and 154 patients received extended-field RT. The median follow-up period was 37.5 months. In multivariate analysis, extended-field RT was an independent prognostic factor of distant failure (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.26–0.90, P = 0.023) and PALNF (HR = 0.012, 95% CI = 0.00–0.49, P = 0.019). However, it was not significant in predicting OS (P = 0.546) and DFS (P = 0.187). With propensity-score matching, 108 pairs of patients were selected. The 3-year OS, DFS, local control, distant failure, and PALNF rates in the pelvic RT and extended-field RT groups were 87.1% and 85.7% (P = 0.681), 71.0% and 80.6% (P = 0.199), 86.6% and 85.0% (P = 0.695), 21.7% and 7.0% (P = 0.016), and 6.6% and 0% (P = 0.014), respectively. The incidences of grade 3 or greater chronic toxicities were 3.5% and 6.5% in the pelvic RT and extended-field RT groups, respectively (P = 0.097).
Conclusions Prophylactic extended-field RT was associated with decreased distant failure and PALNF and showed a trend in improving DFS in patients with cervical cancer treated with CCRT.
- cervical cancer
- extended field radiation therapy
- para-aortic lymph nodes
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This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology, People’s Republic of China (Grant Number 2016YFC0105207).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
F.Z. and K.H. contributed equally to this work.
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