Objective KRAS mutations are frequently seen in malignancies with mucinous morphology. In our previous study, mucinous endometrial carcinomas were associated with a significantly higher frequency of KRAS mutations as compared with matched conventional endometrioid carcinomas.1 This study expands our previous report by exploring possible intratumoral heterogeneity for KRAS gene mutations in the mucinous components of mucinous carcinomas (MCs) and endometrioid carcinomas with significant mucinous differentiation (ECSMD) versus their associated “usual” endometrioid components.
Materials and Methods KRAS-positive cases from our previous report were studied, including 10 MCs and 10 ECSMDs. The specimens were microscopically dissected to separately isolate morphologically mucinous and endometrioid components. Direct DNA sequencing for KRAS mutations at codons 12 and 13 using capillary electrophoresis were performed.
Results KRAS mutations were detected in the endometrioid components of 8 (80%) of 10 MCs and 3 (30%) of 10 ECSMDs. The endometrioid component of the ECSMD group was less frequently associated with KRAS mutation than the endometrioid component of the MC group, even when the mucinous component of the same tumor contained a mutation; the difference is statistically significant (P < 0.05).
Conclusions Our current study shows that intratumoral heterogeneity for KRAS gene mutation was associated with ECSMD, but less frequently with MC. It is possible that when the mucinous component predominates, qualifying for an MC, KRAS mutations appear to be widespread, irrespective of the mucinous or nonmucinous differentiation of the tumor cells. The findings suggest that multiple samples for KRAS tests may be useful, especially in endometrioid carcinoma with significant mucinous differentiation.
- Endometrial carcinoma
- KRAS mutation
- Intratumoral heterogeneity
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This work was partially supported by Rhode Island Foundation, Providence, Rhode Island (Grant# 9727).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
A portion of the results have been presented at the USCAP Annual Meeting in San Diego, CA, March 3, 2014.
C.L.J. and S.H. contributed equally to this work (S.H., current address is Department of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908).
M.H.'s current address is Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine. St. Louis, MO 63110.