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Factors Contributing to the Low Survival Among Women With a Diagnosis of Invasive Cervical Cancer in Ghana
  1. Yvonne Nartey, BSc, MSc*,
  2. Philip C. Hill, BHB, MB, ChB, MPH, MD, FRACP, FAFPHM, FNZCPHM,
  3. Kwabena Amo-Antwi, MBChB, MWACS, MGCS,
  4. Kofi M. Nyarko, MD, MPH, PhD§,
  5. Joel Yarney, MB, CHB, FCRadOnc(SA) and
  6. Brian Cox, BSc(Hons), MB, ChB, DComH, PhD*
  1. * Hugh Adam Cancer Epidemiology Unit and
  2. Centre for International Health, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand; and
  3. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi; and
  4. § Disease Control and Prevention Department, Ghana Health Service; and
  5. National Centre for Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Brian Cox, Hugh Adam Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand. E-mail: brian.cox{at}


Conclusions In conclusion, cervical cancer survival is low in Ghana and is likely to be improved if a greater proportion of the disease is detected early. Improving knowledge of the disease for early diagnosis, reducing financial barriers, and greater organization of health care delivery are likely to improve survival from cervical cancer in Ghana.

  • Cervical cancer
  • Factors
  • Ghana
  • Survival
  • ADC–adenocarcinoma
  • CT–computed tomography
  • FIGO–International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics
  • KATH–Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital
  • KBTH–Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital
  • LMICs–low- and middle-income countries
  • HR–hazard ratio
  • SCC–squamous cell carcinoma

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  • The authors declare no conflicts of interest.