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High-Dose Chemotherapy for Adult-Type Ovarian Granulosa Cell Tumors: A Retrospective Study of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  1. Ugo De Giorgi, MD, PhD,
  2. Emmanuelle Nicolas-Virelizier, MD,
  3. Manuela Badoglio, PhD,
  4. Peter Bader, MD,
  5. Sandrine Richard, MD,
  6. Johan Maertens, MD,
  7. Francesco Lanza, MD and
  8. Marco Bregni, MD
  1. * Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori IRCCS, Meldola, Italy;
  2. Centre Leon Berard, Lyon; and
  3. EBMT Paris Office, Paris, France;
  4. § Universitatsklinikum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany;
  5. Hopital Tenon, Paris, France;
  6. University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Leuven, Belgium; and
  7. # Hematology Unit, Ravenna Hospital, Ravenna; and
  8. ** Ospedale di Busto Arsizio, Varese, Italy.
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ugo De Giorgi, MD, PhD, Department of Medical Oncology, Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori IRCCS, Via Maroncelli 40, 47014 Meldola, Italy. E-mail: ugo.degiorgi{at}irst.emr.it.

Abstract

Objectives A few small retrospective series reported results with salvage chemotherapy for malignant ovarian adult-type granulosa cell tumors (GCTs), whereas no data are available on high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) with hematopoietic progenitor cell support (HSCS) in these patients. The aim of this study was to analyze the available data of HDC for adult-type GCTs.

Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of ovarian cancer treated with salvage HDC registered with the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Results Of 203 adult female patients with a diagnosis of nonepithelial ovarian cancer treated with salvage HDC with HSCS and registered with the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation, 4 (2%) patients were affected by GCTs. All 4 patients had ovarian adult-type GCTs that relapsed/progressed after first-line chemotherapy. The conditioning regimens included a platinum agent in all 4 patients. Bone marrow recovery was promptly achieved; neither treatment-related deaths or life-threatening toxicities occurred. At a median follow-up of 8.5 months, all patients reported a progressive disease. The patient who underwent multicycle HDC enjoyed a long-term remission of 84 months before progression and is the only one alive after 94+ months.

Conclusions We showed for the first time a case with long-lasting response to salvage multicycle HDC and HSCS in adult-type GCTs.

  • Adult-type ovarian granulosa cell tumors
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Salvage chemotherapy
  • High-dose chemotherapy

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Footnotes

  • The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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