Objectives The aim of this work was to evaluate the prognostic role of pretreatment neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in recipients of definitive chemoradiotherapy (ChRT) for cervical cancer.
Methods In 235 patients given definitive ChRT for histologically confirmed cervical cancer, clinical data and pretreatment complete blood cell counts were analyzed. Prognostic and therapeutic ramifications of NLR and PLR were assessed.
Results Median pretreatment NLR and PLR were 3.03 (range, 1.04–13.03) and 133.02 (range, 36.3–518.16), respectively. Both NLR and PLR correlated significantly with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and treatment response. In addition to NLR and PLR, tumor stage, size, and nodal metastasis were identified by univariate analysis as significant predictors of overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). By multivariate analysis, independent predictors of OS and PFS were NLR (OS: hazard ratio [HR], 3.322; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.905–5.790; PFS: HR, 3.579; 95% CI, 2.106–6.082; both P < 0.001) and lymph node metastasis (OS: HR, 2.620; 95% CI, 1.706–4.023; PFS: HR, 2.989; 95% CI, 1.918–4.378; both P < 0.001), although patients’ age (HR, 1.019; 95% CI, 1.003–1.035; P = 0.02) was also significantly predictive of OS.
Conclusions Pretreatment NLR and PLR were associated with larger tumors, lymph node metastasis, and poorer therapeutic responses to definitive ChRT. By multivariate analysis, pretreatment NLR and lymph node metastasis were found independently predictive of OS and PFS, whereas patients’ age was significantly predictive of OS only. In patients with advanced cervical cancer, NLR is a potential biomarker, serving to guide systemic therapy and predict treatment outcomes.
- Cervical cancer
- Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio
- Platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio
- Prognostic index
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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.