Objective Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) is a valid treatment option for women with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). This study aims to evaluate the impact of sociodemographic factors, clinical factors, and NACT regimens on survival endpoints. The role of pathological response to NACT as a surrogate endpoint of survival was also assessed.
Materials and Methods Retrospective analysis of consecutive sample data from women with LACC (stages Ib2-IVa) who underwent NACT followed by radical surgery was performed. Response was classified as optimal response (including complete response and optimal partial response), suboptimal partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease.
Results Four hundred forty-six women who had undergone surgery from 1992 to 2011 were analyzed. The overall optimal response was 35.4%. At a median follow-up of 12.7 years, 165 women (37.0%) experienced recurrence or died. Increase in patient age at surgery, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III/IV versus stage Ib2, and lymph-node positivity versus negativity seemed to impact negatively on survival, whereas neoadjuvant platinum-Taxol–containing regimens (compared with platinum-based regimens) improved survival. Response to NACT could be considered a surrogate endpoint of survival.
Conclusions Age, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage III/IV, lymph-node involvement, and type of NACT administered have a significant impact on survival. Response to NACT is a good surrogate endpoint of survival in patients with LACC.
- Cervical cancer
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
- Radical surgery
- Optimal response
- Surrogate endpoint
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.