Objectives It has been established that concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is efficacious for cervical cancer, but adherence is unsatisfactory among elderly patients. To improve adherence, we have developed and initiated a daily low-dose cisplatin-based CCRT regimen. Here, we retrospectively evaluated the use of CCRT, especially for elderly patients.
Methods The study included a total of 53 patients who were 70 years or older, had stage IB-IVA cervical cancer, and were initially treated with daily CCRT. The daily CCRT comprised pelvic external beam radiotherapy (2 Gy/d × 25) with daily low-dose cisplatin (8.0 mg/m2 per day) and either low- or high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy.
Results The median age was 72 years (range, 70–85 years). The median follow-up duration was 32 months (range, 2–104 months). The 3-year overall survival rate was 79.0%. Daily cisplatin chemotherapy was successfully completed in 32 (60.4%) of the 53 patients. Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia was observed in 19 patients (36%). A late complication of grade 3 rectal hemorrhage occurred in 3 patients who received high-dose-rate brachytherapy. All primary tumors responded to daily CCRT; complete response was observed in 43 patients (91.5%) and partial response was observed in 4 patients (8.5%).
Conclusions Daily CCRT in patients 70 years and older had acceptable compliance and safety. Daily CCRT is suggested to be a good treatment option for elderly patients who have advanced cervical cancer and require concurrent cisplatin.
- Cervical cancer
- Low-dose cisplatin
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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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