Objective To evaluate the association of tumor-derived matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) and stromal-derived MMP-2 expression with the prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer, a meta-analysis study was performed, which was aimed to comprehensively review the evidence of MMP-2 as prognostic biomarkers in ovarian cancers.
Methods All relevant studies were searched in PubMed and Web of Science until May 30, 2014. Hazard ratios (HRs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the association between MMP-2 expression (tumor-derived or stromal-derived) and prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% CIs were used to assess the correlation of MMP-2 expression with the clinicopathological features of patients with ovarian cancer.
Results A total of 965 patients in 8 studies were included in this analysis. Among them, tumor-derived and stromal-derived MMP-2 expression was detected in 7 and 5 articles, respectively. The results revealed that ovarian cancer patients with positive tumor-derived MMP-2 expression showed a worse prognosis than did the ones with negative tumor-derived MMP-2 expression (HR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.06–2.20). However, ovarian cancer patients with positive stromal-derived MMP-2 expression had not. In addition, we also found that tumor-derived MMP-2 expression was associated with distant metastasis (absent vs present; pooled OR, 4.52; 95% CI, 1.56–13.09; P = 0.001).
Conclusions These results suggested that positive tumor-derived MMP-2 expression could predict a lower overall survival rate and could be an independent dangerous prognostic factor in patients with ovarian cancer.
- Ovarian cancer
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Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81402139) and the Key Program of Science and Technology Development Fund of Nanjing Medical University (No. 2013NJMU145).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Authors Ziyi Fu and Sujuan Xu contributed equally to this work.
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