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In Vitro Chemoresponse Analysis of Cervical Cancer Patient Specimens
  1. Perry W. Grigsby, MD, MBA*,,,§,
  2. Christine M. Gan, PhD,
  3. Todd D. Tillmanns, MD and
  4. Giuseppe Del Priore, MD, MPH#
  1. *Division of Gynecologic Oncology,
  2. Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center,
  3. Division of Nuclear Medicine, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, and
  4. §Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO;
  5. Precision Therapeutics, Inc, Pittsburgh, PA;
  6. West Clinic, Memphis, TN; and
  7. #Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Indiana University School of Medicine Simon Cancer Center, Indianapolis, IN.
  1. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Perry W. Grigsby, MD, MBA, Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, 4921 Parkview Place, St Louis, MO 63110. E-mail:


Purpose The objective of this study was to report the results of in vitro chemoresponse analysis of primary, metastatic, and recurrent human cervical cancers.

Methods There were 557 tumor specimens submitted for testing from August 2006 to June 2010. Single agents tested were cisplatin, carboplatin, paclitaxel, docetaxel, epirubicin, fluorouracil, 4-hydroxy ifosfamide (active metabolite of ifosfamide), SN-38 (active metabolite of irinotecan), topotecan, and vinorelbine. Doublets tested were carboplatin/paclitaxel and cisplatin/topotecan. Tumor response was determined from dose-response curves. Results were scored as responsive, intermediate, or nonresponsive. Chemoresponse was reported as the combined responsive and intermediate results.

Results Three hundred fifty-three (63.4%) of 557 submitted specimens were successfully assayed. Confirmation of histology and tumor status (primary, metastatic, or recurrent) was available for 273 specimens. The chemoresponse of the most active agents in primary cancers (n = 151) was 75% for SN-38, 71% for 4-hydroxy ifosfamide, 62% for topotecan, and 73% for carboplatin/paclitaxel. The chemoresponse of metastatic cancers (n = 66) was 54% for SN-38, 51% for 4-hydroxy ifosfamide, 44% for epirubicin, and 53% for carboplatin/paclitaxel. The chemoresponse for recurrent cancers (n = 56) was 44% for epirubicin, 41% for 4-hydroxy ifosfamide, 39% for vinorelbine, 39% for paclitaxel, 36% for topotecan, 46% for carboplatin/paclitaxel, and 35% for cisplatin/topotecan. The overall chemoresponse was greater in primary cancers (58%) than in recurrent cancers (35%) (P < 0.0001).

Conclusions In vitro chemoresponse analysis of cervical cancer biospecimens is feasible. Chemoresponse results are variable depending on tumor status. Clinical studies of assay-directed therapy should be developed.

  • Cervical cancer
  • ChemoFx
  • chemosensitivity
  • individualized therapeutic response
  • chemotherapy

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  • Christine M. Gan is an employee of Precision Therapeutics, Medical Science Liaison. Todd D. Tillmanns is a consultant/speaker at Covidien and Intuitive Surgical. Giuseppe Del Priore is an employee of Indiana University, which participates in PT206, sponsored by Precision Therapeutics.

  • Perry W. Grigsby declares no conflict of interest.