Objective Platinum-based chemotherapy is the standard treatment in advanced ovarian cancer, but most patients will relapse with drug-resistant disease. MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to function in chemoresistance in cancers. In this study, we focused on the role of miR-128 in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer.
Materials and Methods The expression of miR-128 RNA and its targeted genes, the polycomb ring finger oncogene Bmi-1 and ATP-binding cassette subfamily C member 5 (ABCC5), were investigated in the epithelial ovarian cancer cells and ovarian carcinomas.
Results miR-128 expression was significantly reduced in the cisplatin-resistant human epithelial ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3/CP compared with parental SKOV3 cells and decreased upon treatment with cisplatin in a concentration-dependent manner in SKOV3, OVCAR3, and PEO14 cells. Overexpression of miR-128 resensitized SKOV3/CP cells to cisplatin and reduced the expression of cisplatin-resistant–related proteins ABCC5 and Bmi-1, whereas miR-128 inhibitors increased cisplatin resistance in SKOV3 cells. Cisplatin combined with miR-128 agomirs inhibited the growth of SKOV3/CP xenograft tumors more effectively than cisplatin alone. Diminished expression of ABCC5 and Bmi-1 and higher cisplatin concentrations were observed in tumor tissue of mice treated with miR-128 agomirs in addition to cisplatin.
Conclusions Taken together, our findings suggest that miR-128 may act as a promising therapeutic target for improvement of tumor sensitivity to cisplatin.
- Epithelial ovarian cancer
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
Drs. Bing Li and Hong Chen contributed equally to this study.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.