Aim The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgical staging in stage I clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary (CCC).
Methods We performed a retrospective review of 165 patients with stage I CCC treated with optimal or nonoptimal staging surgery.
Results The median follow-up period in this study was 67 months. No significant difference was detected in recurrence-free survival (RFS) or overall survival (OS) between patients optimally and nonoptimally staged (RFS: P = 0.434; OS: P = 0.759). The estimated 5-year RFS and OS rates were 92.1% and 95.3% in patients with stages IA/IC1 and 81.0% and 83.7% in stages IC2/IC3, respectively. The multivariate analysis indicated that stages IC2/IC3 predicted worse RFS and OS than stages IA/IC1 in stage I CCC patients (RFS: P = 0.011; OS: P = 0.011). Subsequently, we investigated the impact of surgical staging, respectively, in stages IA/IC1 and stages IC2/IC3. Significant differences were observed in PFS and OS between patients optimally and nonoptimally staged with stages IA/IC1 (RFS: P = 0.021; OS: P = 0.024), but no significant difference was found in those with stages IC2/IC3. The multivariate analysis indicated that nonoptimal staging surgery predicted worse RFS than the optimal staging surgery in stages IA/IC1 CCC patients (P = 0.033). In addition, we investigated the impact of surgical staging for stages IA/IC1 in the adjuvant chemotherapy group. The 5-year RFS and OS rates in patients optimally and nonoptimally staged with stages IA/IC1 in the adjuvant chemotherapy group were 97.8% and 100%, and 85.2% and 89.4%, respectively. The multivariate analysis indicated that nonoptimal staging surgery predicted worse RFS than the optimal staging surgery for stages IA/IC1 patients in the adjuvant chemotherapy group (P = 0.019).
Conclusions The prognosis for women with stage 1A/IC1 is very good. Surgical staging category was the only independent prognostic factor for RFS in stages IA/IC1 CCC.
- Ovarian cancer
- Clear cell carcinoma
- Surgical staging
- Adjuvant chemotherapy
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This work was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI (grant 25462616).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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