Objectives The aim of the study was to assess oncologic and fertility outcome of treatment in patients with cervical cancer of more than 2 cm seeking parenthood.
Methods The regimen consisted of laparoscopic lymphadenectomy as a staging procedure to confirm no lymph node metastases before neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) consisting of 2 or 3 cycles of paclitaxel/ifosfamide/cisplatin followed by radical vaginal trachelectomy (RVT). Oncologic and fertility outcome was evaluated prospectively.
Results Twenty women were enrolled up to now. The mean age was 32 years (range, 26–41 years), and mean tumor size was 3 cm (range, 2.1–5.0 cm). Lymphadenectomy was performed before NACT without complications. During NACT, hematologic toxicity grade 3 was observed in 2 of 20 patients, and renal toxicity grade 3 in 1 of 20 patients. Radical vaginal trachelectomy was performed in 18 women until now with 2 intraoperative complications (ureter injury and injury of internal iliac vein). There were no severe postoperative or long-term complications. Complete pathologic remission was found in 9 of 18 patients. In 2 of 18 patients, chemoradiation was recommended because of insufficient pathologic response in the RVT specimen. After a mean follow-up of 23 months (range, 1–88 months), 1 relapse was observed. After RVT, 7 women tried to conceive until now. Seven pregnancies occurred in 5 women. Four children were born, 2 of whom were premature (31 weeks 2 days and 33 weeks 4 days of gestation); 1 pregnancy is ongoing.
Conclusions Laparoscopic lymphadenectomy followed by NACT and RVT in pN0 patients with cervical cancer of more than 2 cm seems to be an oncologically safe procedure with promising fertility outcomes.
- Cervical cancer
- Radical vaginal trachelectomy
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
- Fertility-sparing treatment
- Fertility results
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No funding was received for this work.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.