Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the survival outcome after radiation therapy for patients with early cervical carcinoma undergoing inadequate primary surgery.
Methods A retrospective analysis of medical charts of all patients with stage IA2 to IIA carcinoma who were referred with inappropriate primary surgery and treated with radiation therapy was reviewed. The collected data include age, presenting symptoms, retrospective stage, lymph node status, histology type, type of surgery, baseline radiologic status before radiotherapy, details of radiation therapy, follow-up, and details of disease recurrence, disease-free survival, and overall survival (OS). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to show the OS and recurrence-free survival.
Results A total of 32 patients were treated. The median age of the patients was 48.2 years, with a range of 27.6 to 79.2 years. Twenty-three patients had retrospective stage IB1, and 9 had stage IIA disease. The most common type of surgery (62.5%) was total abdominal hysterectomy with or without bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) status was not determined in 20 patients, 11 had PLND surgical assessment (2 were positive), and 1 had bulky PLND by computed tomographic scan.
Baseline assessment showed that 14 patients had no residual disease, 11 had microscopic disease, and 7 had macroscopic disease. The follow-up ranged from 3.3 to 77.8 months, with a median of 24.3 months. Eleven patients developed disease recurrence, and all of them died of their disease. Two- and 5-year OS rates were 79% and 51.7%. Univariate analysis did not show a statistically significant effect of either the disease stage or residual disease survival.
Conclusions Survival outcome after radiation therapy for patients with early-stage cervical cancer undergoing inadequate surgery seems to be markedly worse than that for patients of comparable stage treated initially with radical radiation.
- Cervical cancer
- Inadequate surgery
- Radiation therapy
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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.