Objective Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) have been known to play important roles in the development and progression of many types of cancer including cervical cancer. The study aimed to verify the relevance and significance of CFTR and NF-κB expressions in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines.
Methods The expressions of CFTR and NF-κB p65 were analyzed respectively by immunohistochemistry in total of 135 cervical tissue samples. The correlation to clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic value was evaluated. The coexpression of CFTR and NF-κB was detected in cervical cancer cell lines. Nuclear factor κB signaling was inhibited by siRNA for NF-κB p65 and activated by stimulation of cells with interleukin β or tumor necrosis factor α.
Results We found both the membrane expression of CFTR and nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 were progressively increased from normal cervical tissue, cervical intraepithelial neoplasm, to cervical cancer (overall R2 = 0.74, P < 0.001). Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator expression and NF-κB activation were also positively associated with stage, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, and invasive interstitial depth. Multivariate analysis showed that coexpression of CFTR and NF-κB was an independent prognostic factor for survival (relative risk, 5.16; P = 0.003). Dual-immunofluorescence analysis showed CFTR and NF-κB were coexpressed in cervical cancer. Studies in vitro revealed that the expression levels of CFTR mRNA and protein were positively related to NF-κB activation.
Conclusions Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and NF-κB were coexpressed in cervical cancer, and the activation of NF-κB mediated the expression of CFTR. Multivariate analysis revealed that coexpression of CFTR and NF-κB was associated with poor prognosis in patients with cervical cancer.
- Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
- Nuclear factor κB
- Cervical cancer
- Prognostic factor
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Drs Wu and Peng contributed equally to this work.
This work was supported by grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81172492); Technology Support Program of the Science & Technology Department of Sichuan Province, China (No. 2011SZ0114); and from Key Program of Health Bureau of Chongqing, China (No. 2011-1-056).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.