Objective Patients with endometrial cancer with positive lymph nodes (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIC) have a substantially worse prognosis. This study investigates how tumor characteristics and adjuvant treatments influence overall survival (OS) in stage IIIC patients.
Methods This multi-institution, institutional review board–approved study is a retrospective review of 116 patients with surgically staged endometrial cancer with positive lymph nodes treated from 1995 to 2008. The study cohort was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier estimates of OS and proportional hazard modeling.
Results The 5-year OS for all patients was 51%. Administration of adjuvant therapy was associated with improved OS when compared with surgery alone (P = 0.007). Five-year OS was 40% for patients treated with surgery alone (n = 26), 50% with surgery and chemotherapy (n = 8), 58% with surgery and radiotherapy (n = 43), and 54% with surgery followed by both radiotherapy and chemotherapy (n = 39). Patients who received radiotherapy (n = 82) had improved OS (57%) when compared with patients who did not (n = 34, OS = 42%; P = 0.001). Radiotherapy was associated with improved OS for patients with endometrioid histology, high-grade tumors, and positive para-aortic lymph nodes. Patients with nonendometrioid histology and low-grade tumors who received radiotherapy had a similar OS as those who did not. High-grade tumors (P < 0.001), nonendometrioid histology (P = 0.004), and more than 2 positive lymph nodes (P = 0.01) were associated with a poorer OS. After controlling for patient demographics and tumor characteristics, patients with high-grade tumors and more than 2 positive lymph nodes had a poorer OS, whereas patients who received radiotherapy had improved OS.
Conclusions This large institutional study of patients with lymph node–positive endometrial cancer identified prognostic factors associated with a poor OS. Radiotherapy was associated with improved survival and may be specifically indicated for patients with endometrioid histology, high-grade tumors, and positive para-aortic lymph nodes. We recommend further investigation of adjuvant therapies in randomized clinical trials.
- Endometrial cancer
- Radiation therapy
- Adjuvant therapy
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.