Objective The objective of this study was to compare morbidity and outcome following radical surgery with or without adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) in the treatment of stages IB1-IB2 cervical carcinoma.
Methods We retrospectively identified 222 patients with stages IB1-IB2 cervical carcinoma treated initially with radical hysterectomy or radical trachelectomy with or without adjuvant RT from February 2000 to November 2009. All grade 3 or higher complications—those requiring interventional radiology, endoscopic evaluation, or operative intervention—were documented.
Results One hundred fifty-eight patients (71%) underwent radical hysterectomy; 64 (29%) underwent radical trachelectomy. One hundred fifty-three patients (69%) underwent surgery alone; 69 (31%) received adjuvant radiation with or without chemosensitization. There was a statistically significant difference in the rate of total grades 1 to 5 late complications between the surgery-alone and surgery + RT groups (12% vs 32%, respectively; P < 0.001); however, the rate of grade 3 or higher complications was similar (5% vs 4%, respectively; P = 0.999). The progression-free and overall survival rates of the entire cohort were both 95%. The 5-year progression-free survival rates for the surgery-alone and surgery + RT groups were 93% and 90% (P = 0.172). The overall survival rates were 96% and 91%, respectively (P = 0.332).
Conclusions The majority of women with stages IB1-IB2 cervical cancer undergoing radical surgery do not require adjuvant RT, have excellent oncologic outcome, and have low severe complication rates. Nearly one third of our patients required postoperative radiation, with no statistically significant increase in severe complication rate and with similar oncologic outcomes compared with the surgery-only cohort. These data support the continued practice of radical surgery with individualized postoperative radiation for these patients.
- Cervical carcinoma IB
- Radical surgery
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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.