Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical activity and toxicity of weekly topotecan in a large cohort of epithelial ovarian (EOC), primary peritoneal (PPC), and tubal cancer patients.
Methods Records of patients with recurrent EOC, PPC, and tubal cancer who were treated with weekly topotecan (4.0 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 on a 28-day cycle) after failure of more than 1 prior regimen were retrospectively reviewed in 8 centers in Israel.
Results Two hundred four patients were evaluated for efficacy and toxicity. Median age was 62 years (range, 27–89 years); 121 (59.3%) were platinum sensitive. Patients were exposed to a median of 2 previous lines (range, 1–9), and 48.5% received only 1 prior chemotherapy regimen. Median follow-up was 15.5 months (range, 2.5–112 months). Overall response rate was 26.5%, of which 11 patients (5.4%) had complete response, and 43 patients (21.1%) had partial response. Clinical benefit rate (complete response + partial response + stable disease) was 65.7%. Median progression-free survival was 4.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.5–4.5 months). There was no significant difference between platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant patients regarding response rate or progression-free survival. Median overall survival from disease diagnosis was 45.0 months (95% CI, 40.04–49.6 months) and 16.0 months (95% CI, 12.3–19.7 months) from initiation of topotecan therapy. Overall survival was significantly different between patients with platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant disease (19.9 vs 10.8 months, respectively, P = 0.003; 95% CI, 8.1–16.3 months). Multivariate analysis showed that only platinum sensitivity and topotecan line were associated with overall survival. Weekly topotecan was well tolerated—with only 16.7% of patients experiencing grade 3 to 4 hematologic toxicities. There were no other grade 4 toxicities, and only 6.9% grade 3 toxicities.
Conclusions In this large cohort of recurrent EOC, PPC, and tubal cancer, weekly topotecan was well tolerated with good clinical benefit rate, comparable to previous studies.
- Ovarian cancer
- Platinum sensitivity
- Topotecan regimen
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Drs Levy and Rosengarten contributed equally to this work.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.